Angel Square was re-developed in 1987, much
of it on the site of The Exchange Temperance
Hotel. In this hotel you ‘exchanged’ drinking for a
teetotal life! Exit Angel Square and enter Market
Square and Devonshire Street.
Market Square was the site of the Market
Cross, Butchers’ Shambles and a building known
as The Roundabout. Penrith has been a Market
Town since the Middle Ages; King Henry III
granted Penrith its Charter in 1223.
The Musgrave Monument, a clock tower, was
erected in 1861 as a memorial to Philip (son of Sir
George & Lady Musgrove) who died from illness in
Spain at the age of 26.
James & John Graham has been a grocers since it
was established in 1793. The area directly outside
Graham’s shop was called Archers Walk – ‘a place to
strut your stuff’. Here also was the site of a two-storey
Market Cross till it burnt down in the 18th century.
Rowcliffe Lane was once a very busy
thoroughfare of shops and workshops. This was
the main street into town; in those days all went
on ‘twa legs or fower’ - wheeled traffic only
came along in the 1780s when the adjacent King
Street was made for it.
The 'George Hotel', formerly the 'George &
Dragon Inn' was a stopping point for coaches for
many generations. The ‘Dragon’ was dropped in
1715 for fear of being accused of treason. Bonnie
Prince Charlie, the Young Pretender paid a short
visit here in 1745 on his invasion of England.
N Arnison & Sons was established in 1742
elsewhere in town. Their present premises once
belonged to William and Dorothy Cookson
(grandparents of William Wordsworth) and were
bought and rebuilt by Arnisons in the 1850s.
Here Wordsworth’s mother died. Explore the
rest of Devonshire Street and exit by Barclays Bank
to enter St Andrew’s Place.